To ensure normal and healthy blood sugar levels, a person should seek blood glucose testing regularly, maintain a healthy diet and take the necessary medication, notes the American Diabetes Association. These measures all help regulate blood sugar levels and prevent both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.
A blood sugar test should be performed under multiple bodily states to test for abnormalities, notes WebMD. The specific tests are known as the fasting plasma glucose test, the oral glucose tolerance test and the random blood sugar check. A normal blood sugar level is considered 140 milligrams per deciliter. However, this level is adjusted to 100 milligrams per deciliter if a person is fasting. Any level either significantly above or below these figures indicates a potential condition.
A person can ensure that blood sugar levels are normal by undertaking periodic testing. Home testing solutions are available, notes WebMD. This test involves pricking the skin and the placing the blood on a test strip. A blood glucose meter then provides a reading of the sugar levels. A person can determine if he is suffering from either hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. With hypoglycemia, a person should consume high-sugar foods or take any prescribed medication. An individual suffering from hyperglycemia should immediately take glucose-lowering medication, states Mayo Clinic. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can also help manage blood sugar levels.