A normal, randomly checked blood glucose level in adults is between 80 and 120 milligrams per deciliter of blood before meals or between 100 and 140 milligrams per deciliter of blood right before bedtime, states WebMD. A normal fasting blood glucose level is any number below 100 milligrams per deciliter.
A blood glucose test is a blood test that measures the concentration of glucose, or sugar, in a patient's bloodstream, states WebMD. Glucose is derived from the foods that patients eat, and it is used by every cell in the human body for energy. Patients who have diabetes are unable to properly utilize glucose and tend to have higher blood sugar levels than patients without diabetes.
If the fasting blood sugar is less than 70 mg/dl, this is known as hypoglycemia. This condition can cause palpitations, sweating, tremors, anxiety, confusion, blurred vision, coma and even death.
If the fasting blood glucose is greater than 126 mg/dl, the person likely has diabetes mellitus, a condition of high blood sugar levels. A fasting blood sugar level between 100 to 125 mg/dl indicates pre-diabetes, which increases the risk of developing diabetes.