Dental bone loss caused by gum disease, or periodontal disease, can be treated in the initial stages by non-surgical methods, according to WebMD. Professional dental cleaning, scaling and root planing are some methods used by dentists to treat bone loss.
Bone loss occurs primarily due to the build-up of plaque and tartar over the surface of the tooth, explains WebMD. This accumulation is removed by the professional cleaning done by a dental hygienist or dentist. If the gum disease persists, dental cleaning is normally recommended twice a year or more. Scaling and root planing are two more non-surgical treatment methods recommended by the American Academy of Periodontology for treating bone loss and associated gum infections. These methods involve deep cleaning that is done after administering a local anesthetic to the infected region. The tartar and plaque both below and above the gum margins is scaled or scraped away.
Root planing is performed in order to remove the rough patches on the root surfaces of the tooth. When the rough areas are removed, the smooth and cleaned root surface enables the teeth to better attach to the gums, and it removes the bacteria. The dental bone then heals, and the tooth and gums are restored to their healthy state. Most patients who select non-surgical treatments require ongoing maintenance sessions, according to the American Academy of Periodontology.