Nissen fundoplication is a laparoscopic surgical procedure that is performed on patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. Many patients with this condition can be treated with medication that help to reduce the production of acid in the stomach. However, if medications do not work, a doctor will recommend nissen fundoplication.
This surgical operation aims to straighten the valve between the stomach and the esophagus, which helps to prevent acid from flowing back to the esophagus, as stated by WebMD. It is usually done through a method called laparoscopic surgical technique and the results are usually good if the procedure is carried out by an experienced surgeon. The surgery can be done through the chest or the abdomen. During the surgery, a condition called hiatal hernia, which leads to gastroesophageal reflux disease, can also be treated.
One is likely to spend several days in the hospital prior to the operation. An anesthetic is used to the operation to make a person sleep. After the operation, one may need to rest for 4 to 6 weeks before resuming his or her normal daily activities, as stated by WebMD. Risk factors associated with this surgery include excess gas, risk of anesthesia, heartburn and difficulty during swallowing.