Some of the treatments for plantar fasciitis include extracorporeal shockwave therapy and gastrocnemius recession, explains the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, or AAOS. Ultrasound therapy may also be an option for treatment of plantar fasciitis, according to WebMD.
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy involves the use of strong pressure waves that are produced in an elastic media, explains AAOS. These waves penetrate the body and reflect, scatter and retract, releasing energy at the interfaces. The therapy works by creating a zone of microscopic tissue disruption, stimulating new tissue formation. The advantage of extracorporeal shockwave therapy is that it is easy to apply, unlike open surgery, and has minimal morbidity.
A study that involved 29 consecutive patients who had symptoms of plantar fasciitis for 18 months, and who had failed traditional treatments, showed that gastrocnemius recession dramatically improves pain sores, explains AAOS. These patients had been diagnosed with conditions such as metatarsalgia, arch pain, Achilles tendinitis and heel pain. The benefit of this treatment is that it may delay progression of the collapse of cascade.
Ultrasound therapy uses ultrasonic energy to cut and remove the damaged tissue that generates pain, while at the same time sparing the healthy foot tissue, according to WebMD.