As of 2015 new drugs, anti-inflammatory medications, imaging techniques and genetic understanding all contribute to improved treatments for atherosclerosis, according to WebMD. Atherosclerosis is the build up of plaque in the arteries, which potentially causes a heart attack upon rupture.
One study claims the efficacy of using high-density lipoproteins to treat atherosclerosis, potentially reducing the buildup within four to five weeks, reports WebMD. Other research focuses on developing treatments that reduce plaque-forming inflammation of the arterial walls. New imaging techniques allow researchers to tell whether treatments are regressing plaque, while genetic findings potentially allow researchers to identify specific proteins involved in heart disease and also to determine the best treatment options for individual patients.