New drugs that are available to treat type 2 diabetes as of 2015 include: SGLT2 inhibitors, inhaled insulin, DPP-4 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists, explains WebMD. Patients can manage their blood sugars and improve quality of life with the help of these drugs.
SGLT2, or Sodium Glucose Transporter 2, inhibitors stop the kidneys from reabsorbing glucose so that excess glucose is eliminated through the urine, according to the American Diabetes Association. Alternatively, patients can take inhaled insulin, which is a fast-acting insulin that is inhaled at meal times, states WebMD.
Additional medications, such as DPP-4 inhibitors, improve the level of glucose in the blood by allowing GLP-1 to remain active in the body. GLP-1 naturally reduces the level of glucose in the blood. Other advances include better acting GLP-1 receptor agonists, which work exactly like the body's GLP-1. However, unlike the GLP-1 in the body which is destroyed after a few minutes, the newly reformulated GLP-1 receptor agonist drugs can last for seven days, according to WebMD.