Neurontin, also known by its generic name gabapentin, is an anti-epileptic drug used to treat seizures. It is also used in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy, or nerve pain, states WebMD, as well as restless legs syndrome.
According to Drugs.com, Neurontin is used to treat the nerve pain that is associated with shingles, or herpes zoster. Pregnant or breastfeeding women are advised against taking Neurontin as the medication passes through breast milk.
While Neurontin is very effective in treating nerve pain and reducing the number of seizures a patient has, stopping it suddently is not recommended as this can cause an increase in seizures, states Drugs.com. Neurontin should be tapered slowly under the direction of a physician.
While many patients take Neurontin without any problems, some experience side effects. Side effects of Neurontin that need to be addressed by a physician include flu-like symptoms, fever, swollen glands, shortness of breath, dark urine, confusion and jaundice. If a patient experiences any of these side effects, he should seek immediate medical treatment. Less severe side effects that commonly disappear after a short time include dry mouth, diarrhea, dizziness and swelling of the hands or feet, states Drugs.com. Drinking alcohol can increase the effects of Neurontin, and Neurontin is more difficult for the body to absorb if taken within two hours of ingesting an antacid.