Neuropathy is a term that refers to diseases or malfunctions of the nerves, according to eMedicineHealth. There are several types of neuropathy, including peripheral, cranial, autonomic and focal neuropathy.
Peripheral neuropathy is a nerve problem that affects the peripheral nervous system, which is located in the extremities, states eMedicineHealth. Subsequently, proximal neuropathy is used to describe nerve damage in the thighs, hips or buttocks. Cranial neuropathy occurs in any of 12 cranial nerves and includes both optic and auditory neuropathy. Autonomic neuropathy refers to damage of the involuntary nervous system, which includes the nerves that control the heart, blood circulation, digestion, bowel and bladder function, and perspiration. Focal neuropathy is restricted to a specific group of nerves or one area of the body.