What Is a Neurogenic Shock?


Quick Answer

Neurogenic shock is a type of shock where there is insufficient blood flow throughout the body due to loss of signals from the sympathetic nervous system to the smooth muscle in vessel walls, according to MedicineNet. The blood vessels relax and dilate, resulting in a decrease in blood pressure.

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Possible causes of neurogenic shock include regional anesthesia, injuries to the spinal cord and administration of autonomic blocking agents, reports Bone and Spine. It is characterized by medical conditions such as hypotension, bradycardia, warm and dry extremities, peripheral vasodilation and venous pooling, poikilothermia, and decreased cardiac output. Doctors prescribe medications to treat neurogenic shock depending on the condition surrounding the onset of shock.

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