Treatments for neurogenic bladder will vary depending on which bladder issues are present, according to the Urology Care Foundation. Overactive bladder is typically treated with a regimen of lifestyle changes (in which the patient practices bladder routines and attempts to control the bladder muscles through a series of exercises) and medications that include prescription drugs to help relax the bladder muscles, BOTOX injections (mainly prescribed for patients who suffer from bladder issues due to spinal cord issues) or neuromodulation therapy. Underactive bladder is typically treated with a regimen of lifestyle changes, as listed above, and medications that include prescription medications, the use of a catheter (which can help to completely empty the bladder) or surgery.
Neurogenic bladder can refer to a number of bladder issues, including over- and underactive bladder, incontinence or obstructive bladder, as stated by the Urology Care Foundation. Those who suffer from neurogenic bladder have issues with the nerves surrounding and affecting the bladder. This means that the patient either has a bladder that empties uncontrollably (overactive bladder), or it does not empty completely (underactive bladder). Symptoms of neurogenic bladder include incontinence, urgency to urinate, frequent urination, urinary retention (where the patient is unable to completely empty the bladder) and multiple repeated urinary tract infections. Properly treating the issues associated with neurogenic bladder can help to prevent damage to the kidneys.