To make a neti pot solution, mix 1 pint lukewarm water with 1 teaspoon salt, states WebMD. The water must be distilled, sterile or previously boiled to prevent infection. Add 1/2 teaspoon baking soda to make the solution gentler on the nose.
Once the neti pot is filled with the appropriate irrigation solution, it is ready for use. Begin by tilting the head at about a 45-degree angle over a sink. Place the spout of the neti pot in the upper nostril, and carefully pour in the solution. The solution flows through the nasal cavity and exits out the opposite nostril, explains WebMD. Spit out any solution that travels down the back of the throat. Blow any remaining liquid out of the nostrils, and repeat the process on the opposite nostril.
People who suffer from sinus symptoms use neti pots to relieve congestion, facial pain and pressure, according to WebMD. Nasal irrigation using a neti pot helps thin mucus and remove it from the nasal passages. It also improves the function of cilia, which are tiny hair-like structures in the nasal passages and sinuses. These cilia move back and forth, pushing mucus, allergens and irritants out of nose or to the back of the throat to be swallowed.