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What is nephrectomy surgery?

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Quick Answer

A nephrectomy surgery is a procedure that removes a portion or all of a patient's kidney, as stated by Mayo Clinic. In a laparoscopic nephrectomy, the surgeon completes the operation by making a set of small incisions in the abdominal region. An open nephrectomy uses one large incision in the abdominal area.

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Full Answer

Patients who suffer from kidney cancer or have damaged kidney tissue may need to undergo a partial nephrectomy that only removes the diseased tissue, as stated by the National Kidney Foundation. Severely disease kidneys require a radical nephrectomy that removes the entire kidney and surrounding fatty tissue and glands. When a radical nephrectomy is performed for kidney donation, the procedure is referred to as a donor nephrectomy.

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