Surgery to fix a prolapsed bowel is almost always necessary in adults, according to MedlinePlus. However, immediate emergency surgery is seldom needed to repair the condition.
If an individual believes she may be suffering from rectal prolapse, the first thing she should do is call her doctor, states MedlinePlus. In its early stages, stool softeners and suppositories may be used to treat the condition, states Mayo Clinic. However, surgery is the most common treatment method used. Prognosis regarding the operation is very good, according to MedlinePlus, with most adults experiencing successful treatment after surgery. Outpatients also have access to special therapies that individuals can use to strengthen the anal muscle and prevent the prolapse from occurring again, states Mayo Clinic.