Patients who are at risk of kidney disease need a microalbumin urine test to check for albumin in the urine, explains Mayo Clinic. Large amounts of albumin in the urine indicate kidney damage, and this can lead to chronic kidney disease, according to WebMD.
Doctors recommend an annual microalbumin urine test for individuals aged between ages 12 and 70 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, explains Healthline. This is because diabetes may damage the kidneys. Patients who suffer from hypertension may also go through this test because this condition may damage the vessels in the kidneys. Other diseases that may cause kidney damage include lupus, heart failure and cirrhosis, according to WebMD.
Patients who are at high risk of kidney failure and kidney disease need the test to detect and treat kidney disease in its early stages before it gets worse, explains MedlinePlus. Normal albumin levels indicate that the kidneys are functioning properly, reports Healthline. If the results are abnormal, the doctor performs additional tests to confirm these results. He uses the results to determine the extent of damage in the kidneys and to provide treatment so that the patient keeps as much kidney function as possible, states WebMD.