Individuals who have skin problems, such as swelling of the hands, due to cement contact should seek medical attention, according to Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA). The inflammation is often mild; however, sometimes it is a symptom of a severe reaction that requires attention before it becomes a chronic condition.
In many people, contact with wet cement causes dermatitis, which is characterized by itching, redness, swelling, blisters or scaling of the skin, OSHA states. Irritant contact dermatitis is a non-allergic reaction to cement's drying and abrasive qualities; however, some individuals develop allergic contact dermatitis, which worsens with additional exposures. Skin patch tests are used to determine if the allergy exists.