The Mayo Clinic reports that Adderall is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, and narcolepsy, and both adults and children are prescribed Adderall to treat these conditions. ADHD is a psychological condition that causes difficulties with concentration, learning and social functioning. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder. Those suffering from narcolepsy are often unable to control the body's urge to sleep, and they fall asleep at inappropriate times or experience excessive daytime sleepiness.
The Mayo Clinic lists the symptoms of adult ADHD as trouble focusing, restlessness, impulsive behavior, difficulty completing tasks, disorganization, low frustration tolerance, mood swings, hot temper, trouble coping with stress and unstable relationships. The mayo Clinic also notes that experiencing some of these symptoms does not mean that a person has ADHD. All people temporarily experience some ADHD symptoms during their lives. ADHD is diagnosed when these symptoms are severe enough to disrupt the patients' life. The Mayo Clinic recommends visiting a doctor if these symptoms become disruptive, and a doctor may prescribe Adderall as part of an individual's treatment plan.
Common side-effects of Adderall include bladder pain, bloody or clouded urine, difficulty urinating and rapid heartbeat, according to Micromedex Solutions, which provides clinical information to hospitals and health care providers. Adderall is a stimulant that boosts and balances levels of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters, according to the Mayo Clinic.