Nasal irrigation, which involves rinsing the nasal cavity with a salt water or saline solution; pressing a warm, damp towel or gel pack on the sinus area for five to 10 minutes several times daily; and breathing in the steam while taking a warm shower are good home remedies to reduce pain, fever and congestion associated with sinus infections, states Alexandra Howson for Everyday Health. Doctors also advise drinking lots of water to make the mucus thinner.
Nasal irrigation offers relief from sinus infections by keeping the nasal passages moist, getting rid of mucus secretions and infectious allergens, and decreasing nasal passage swelling, states Howson. Saline sprays, douches, drops and neti pots are several devices that provide nasal rinses. An alternative to concentrated saline solutions available at pharmacies are homemade salt water solutions consisting of 3 teaspoons of iodine-free pickling and 1 teaspoon of baking soda.
It also helps to use a humidifier at home to maintain a sufficiently humid atmosphere, explains Howson. It is also important to avoid smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages or staying in environments with dry air, which are factors that worsen sinusitis. People with sinusitis typically take over-the-counter painkillers to relieve pain, fever or headache and sometimes use pumps or sprays that let them inhale corticosteroids. Doctors may prescribe antibiotics if symptoms persist or become aggravated after 10 days.