The best strep throat treatment is an oral antibiotic such as amoxicillin or penicillin, according to Mayo Clinic. People who are vomiting or having difficulty swallowing, particularly young children, receive their medication through an injection when necessary. People with penicillin allergies take clindamycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin or cephalexin in most cases.
The purpose for the antibiotics is to shorten the duration, ameliorate the intensity of the symptoms and reduce the likelihood of complications or spread of infection to relatives or friends. Once the treatment begins, the patient should feel improvements within a couple of days. If no improvement takes place during the first 48 hours, it is necessary to call the doctor again, reports Mayo Clinic.
Over-the-counter medications for fever and pain, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, often accompany the antibiotics. If the patient is a child or teenager, he should not take aspirin because of the danger of Reye's syndrome, states Mayo Clinic.
Home remedies to accompany the medication include getting enough rest as sleep gives the body time to combat infection. This makes staying home from work and school necessary during fever. Hydrating regularly keeps the throat moist and lubricated, easing swallowing when the throat is sore. Gargling with a warm solution of salt water, such as 1/4 teaspoon to 8 ounces of water, and eating soothing foods are useful as well, notes Mayo Clinic.