Each vitamin has a scientific name. For example, vitamin A is known as retinol, vitamin B1 is known as thiamin, vitamin C is known as ascorbic acid, vitamin D is known as calciferol and vitamin E is known as alpha-tocopherol.
There are six types of B vitamin including vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and B12. Vitamin K is needed by the body to aid in the blood clotting process. Vitamin K may also help prevent hip fractures, according to Harvard University. Vitamin K is found in cabbage, liver, spinach, broccoli, eggs and milk. The chemical name for vitamin K is phylloquinone.