The five types of schizophrenia are paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, residual schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, according to Mental Health America. Although related, each category of the disease presents a varying array of symptoms.
All types of schizophrenia fit certain behavior patterns, according to Mental Health America. Schizophrenia displays positive symptoms, which are "added" to one's personality, such as paranoia, hallucinations and disordered speech, as well as negative symptoms, which are "lost" from one's personality, such as social withdrawal, apathy and emotional unresponsiveness. Those who fall into one of the five types of schizophrenia generally exhibit some, but not necessarily all, of these symptoms.
Paranoia schizophrenia is characterized by extreme paranoid delusions, suspicions and grandiose thinking, as stated by Mental Health America. Catatonic schizophrenia, on the other hand, shows symptoms such as social withdrawal, an unwillingness to speak or communicate, and unusual body positions, but does not often include delusions or paranoia. Disorganized schizophrenics often behave erratically and are often incoherent in both thought and speech. Residual schizophrenia is a diagnosis given to individuals who no longer show symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions but have no interest in continuing on with a normal life. Lastly, schizoaffective disorder patients suffer from both schizophrenia and a significant and disabling mood disorder, such as depression or bipolar disorder.
Schizophrenia treatments vary from person to person and can include behavioral therapy, hospital stays and medication, according to Mental Health America.