The names of some common blood tests are complete blood count, or CBC, and basic metabolic panel, or BMP, states the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. A CBC measures many different parts of a person's blood, and a BMP measures different chemicals in the blood.
Another common blood test is called a lipoprotein panel, states the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The lipoprotein panel shows if a person is at risk of developing heart disease by measuring the parts of the blood responsible for carrying cholesterol. It also gives doctors information about a person's total cholesterol level and amount of triglycerides in her blood.