Some common names of blood pressure medications include, Mykrox, Levatol, Monopril, Diovan, Vasocor, Cardura, Wytensin, Serpasil and Loniten, according to the American Heart Association (AHA) website. The medications known as antihypertensives are available by prescription and are used to treat high blood pressure. There are a variety of medications used to treat the disorder including different classes of the drugs used for variations in the level of severity of the blood pressure and the underlying cause.
The different classes of high blood pressure medications include, diuretics, beta-blockers, alpha blockers, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, central agonists, angiotensin II receptor blockers, combined alpha and beta blockers, blood vessel dilators and peripheral adrenergic inhibitors.
Diuretics rid the body of excess sodium and water to help lower blood pressure, but the medication can deplete the body of needed potassium, which causes cramps and weakness in the legs, notes the AHA.
Beta blockers help reduce the heart rate, but the medication comes with common side effects, including insomnia, impotence, depression and cold hands and feet.
Alpha blockers are used to relax the muscle tone along the vascular walls, creating less resistance for the arteries, which reduces blood pressure. The medication can create side effects that include dizziness and a faster heart rate. All of the different classes of blood pressure medication come with a variety of different medications, each with their own set of possible side effects.