Myopathy is any disease that affects the muscles, states HealthCommunities.com. Myopathy can be genetically inherited or acquired. The symptoms for myopathic diseases vary from a temporary cramp to muscle atrophy based on the severity of the disease.
Myopathic diseases cause weakness in the skeletal muscles due to dysfunction of the muscle fiber or an infection. Some common symptoms of myopathic diseases are cramping, muscle pain, stiffness, swelling, atrophy, and paralysis, Healthgrades reports. Some symptoms such as difficulty in swallowing, muscle twitching and slurred speech can indicate a much serious condition, and individuals should contact a physician immediately.
A familial history of myopathy is a risk factor for myopathy. Other acquired causes of myopathy can be muscle cramps, infection, dehydration, muscle inflammation, and endocrine or neuron disorders. In few cases, the root cause of the disease can't be identified, and the disease is labeled as nonspecific muscle myopathy, Healthgrades explains.
Once myopathy is diagnosed, the treatment is based on the type of the disease, according to Healthgrades. Ice therapy is used to treat acute diseases such as muscle cramping. Supportive treatments such as physical therapy and bracing are necessary for almost all myopathic diseases to increase muscle function. Certain anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen are used to alleviate muscle pain. Complementary treatments such as acupuncture, massage or yoga can also be used along with traditional treatments to deal with these diseases.