What Is Myeloid Leukemia?


Quick Answer

Myeloid leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow and blood, according to the National Cancer Institute. Myeloid leukemia is also known as myelocytic leukemia, non-lymphocytic leukemia or granulocytic leukemia. The disease starts in the bone marrow and quickly moves into the blood, notes the American Cancer Society.

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Full Answer

Myeloid leukemia occurs when the DNA of developing blood cells in the bone marrow is damaged, resulting in the production of immature blood cells, states Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of myeloid leukemia may vary depending on the blood cell affected. Typical signs and symptoms include bone pain, pale skin lethargy and frequent infections. Without treatment, myeloid leukemia can spread quickly to the blood and other parts of the body, such as the liver, brain, lymph nodes and spinal cord, states WebMD.

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