Though there is no cure for muscular dystrophy, symptoms can be treated through medications, exercise, braces, mobility and respiratory assistance, according to Mayo Clinic. Surgery to correct spinal curvature is also recommended in some cases.
Corticosteroids can be used to increase muscle strength, which can delay the progression of certain muscular dystrophy symptoms, though prolonged use can cause actually weaken bones and increase the risk of bone fractures, states Mayo Clinic. In certain cases where the heart has been damaged, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or beta blockers may be recommended. Phenytoin, procainamide or quinine may be prescribed in cases where there is delayed muscle relaxation, states WebMD.
Low-impact exercise such as walking and swimming can help relieve symptoms, as can range-of-motion and stretching exercises. Canes, walkers and wheelchairs can all be used to aid in mobility, notes WebMD.
Eating a healthy diet and getting enough sleep are important, as is the support of family and friends. Some people benefit from attending support groups, where they can meet other people affected by the disease, says WebMD..
The Muscular Dystrophy Association, or MDA, is a nonprofit health organization that provides plentiful resources and information on muscular diseases. Through research grants, the organization actively searches for further treatments and cures, states the Muscular Dystrophy Association.