Muscle spasms are common following back surgery, reports WebMD. Different types and levels of pain typically follow different types of surgery.
Some degree of pain almost inevitably follows most types of surgery, states WebMD. Managing this pain is facilitated by specialized medicines. Medical experts believe that effectively controlling pain following surgery helps to speed recovery and prevent long-term complications. Knowing in advance about the degree and duration of pain associated with an upcoming surgery can decrease a patient's anxiety about an operation. If the pain experienced following the surgery is more intense or prolonged than expected, a patient then knows to bring this to the attention of health care providers.
The most frequently prescribed category of medicines used to reduce pain following surgery is opioids, asserts WebMD. These medications, in addition to causing drowsiness and sedation, have a number of side effects that include nausea, urine retention and constipation. These can cause additional complications and prolong recovery times. People who have not discussed the possible side effects of medications with their doctors often simply stop taking them when other medications can be substituted that may not cause these side effects. Open communication with health care providers about post-operative pain management is of great importance to a successful recovery, stresses WebMD.