Morphine is a naturally occurring compound alkaloid from the opium family, developed and first tested early in the 19th century by a German pharmacist's assistant, according to Dr. Ananya Mandal for News-Medical. Opium is harvested as a sticky residue after the sides of the poppy plant are scored, notes Wikipedia.
Morphine, the name appropriately derived from Morpheus, the legendary God of dreams, is a highly addictive narcotic drug. As an analgesic, the potent pain reliever acts swiftly, significantly affecting the central nervous system, according to RxList. Dr. Mandal claims that morphine is widely used in modern medicine to treat patients with an opioid addiction.