Pupils may become small due to different causes, such as drug abuse, side effects of some medications and underlying medical issues, according to WebMD. Constricted or pinpoint pupils can be a symptom of taking or abusing opiates like morphine or heroin. Pupils become constricted because these opioid drugs stimulate a portion of the autonomic nervous system, states the EMT Spot.Continue Reading
Medical conditions such as a brainstem stroke, iritis and Horner's syndrome can present the symptom of constricted pupils, according to Right Diagnosis. Horner's syndrome is a condition in which the parasympathetic nervous system is damaged, leading to a constricted pupil on the affected side of the face.
Pilocarpine, dihydrocodeine and pethidine are some prescribed medication that can cause the side effect of small pupils. Pilocarpine is a medication used in the treatment of dry mouth, while dihydrocodeine and pethidine are drugs that are prescribed for pain.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
Some potential causes for bedwetting include heredity, urinary tract infections, excessive caffeine consumption and side effects from medications, states the National Association for Continence. Other causes are health conditions such as prostate problems or sleep apnea.Full Answer >
Bloodshot eyes, unusually large or small pupils, sleep-pattern or appetite changes, and unexpected weight changes are several signs and symptoms of drug abuse, according to Helpguide.org. Other signs include worsening physical appearance, unclear speech, and unusual body odors.Full Answer >
Postnasal drip brought on by conditions such as allergies, colds and taking certain medications is one potential cause of frequent throat clearing, according to WebMD. Laryngopharyngeal reflux can also result in frequent throat clearing, as it causes stomach acid to enter the throat or voice box.Full Answer >
The primary causes of dark-colored urine in women include dehydration, eating certain types of foods, taking certain medications, urinary tract infections, and liver, bladder or kidney problems, according to WebMD. Other primary causes include muscle injury from extreme exercise and blood in the urine.Full Answer >