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What are some methods to treat incontinence?

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Nonsurgical treatment options for urinary incontinence include behavioral changes that bring relief, such as limiting fluid intake and avoiding caffeine; bladder retraining and pelvic floor exercises; drugs that prevent bladder spasms, such as the anti-muscarinic Oxytrol; and devices that prevent urine leakages, such as pessaries and absorbent pads, according to WebMD. Surgical treatment is a last resort and may involve giving support to the bladder, implanting nerve stimulators under the skin or strapping the urethra in a sling procedure.

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Urinary incontinence is a condition where a sufferer leaks urine accidentally, explains WebMD. The condition affects mostly women, although men also suffer from incontinence. Types of incontinence include stress, urge, overflow and mixed urinary incontinence.

In stress incontinence, weak pelvic floor muscles caused by childbirth, obesity or medications cause leaks when there is pressure on the bladder, notes WebMD. In urge incontinence, also known as overactive bladder, damaged nerves and muscles from illnesses such as Parkinson's disease cause a pressing need to use the bathroom. When a person cannot empty her bladder or dribbles urine, this is overflow incontinence, which may be caused by constipation, nerve damage or medications. Mixed urinary incontinence happens when a person has two types of incontinence at the same time.

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