Common methods for relieving back pain from kidney stones include taking medications, drinking fluids on a regular basis and undergoing surgery. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, commonly known as NSAIDs, can alleviate the pain, suggests WebMD.
Kidney stones are hardened masses that develop in the kidneys and may move down the urinary tract. Renal stones that obstruct the urinary pathway typically cause pain, notes Washington University's Department of Surgery. Shooting pains are usually felt along the sides or in the back, which can then radiate down to the genital area. Physical discomfort due to kidney stones generally waxes and wanes and can be managed by taking pain relievers.
Pain medications can be in the form of oral or intravenous injections. Fluids may also be administered through the veins in cases where the patient is unable to drink or drastically loses a significant amount of fluids due to vomiting, explains the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Surgery is most suitable for severe pain, which occurs when the kidney stones are too large to be passed in the urine. These medical procedures include extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, uteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Conventional surgery may be recommended when all other treatment options prove unsuccessful.