Diabetic foot care starts with examining feet every day for signs of swelling, redness, blisters, cracks and cuts, according to WebMD. Wash feet with mild soap and warm water every day as well, and then pat them dry.
Rub freshly cleaned and dried feet with lotion, but do not apply lotion to the space between the toes. Apply cornstarch or talcum powder to the entire surface of both feet to help prevent infection, explains the National Diabetes Education Program. When trimming toenails, cut them straight across rather than at an angle, and do not trim cuticles or the corner of the toe. Smooth out toenails with a nail file, instructs WebMD.
Avoid exercise if feet have open sores on them, advises WebMD. Also, do not walk barefoot or wear shoes that have open toes, open heels, high heels or pointed toes. Instead, wear shoes or slippers that have hard-soled bottoms. Do not purchase plastic or vinyl shoes because they do not stretch or allow feet to breathe, notes the National Diabetes Education Program.
Wear socks at all times and change them at least once a day, explains the National Diabetes Education Program. Lightly padded seamless socks are best. Wear socks that are made of natural fibers, such as wool, cotton, or a blend of wool and cotton.
When sitting, elevate feet whenever possible to maintain good blood flow. Wiggle toes two to three times a day for up to five minutes at a time, instructs the National Diabetes Education Program.