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What are methods to control risk of infection during flu season?

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Methods to control risk of infection during flu season include vaccination and maintaining hygiene, according to Healthline. Individuals should take preventive measures such as avoiding crowds and disinfecting contaminated surfaces, explains the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Health-care workers can implement environmental and engineering infection control strategies to control risk of infection during flu season.

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Full Answer

The flu vaccine is a simple and effective method of reducing the risk of infection during flu season for anyone who is 6 months and above, according to Healthline. There are also nasal sprays for individuals between the ages of 2 and 50, and a high-dose vaccine for individuals above the age of 65.

Washing hands thoroughly can rinse of germs and reduce the risk of contracting influenza, reports Healthline. Patients can use an alcohol-based sanitizer if they do not have access to clean water and soap, according to Mayo Clinic.

Health-care professionals who may come into contact with infected patients can reduce their risk of infection by properly managing ill patients, taking infection control measures, and implementing environmental and engineering infection control strategies, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. They should wear gloves and gowns when coming into contact with potentially infected materials. Environmental infection control strategies include disinfection, and management of utensils, laundry and waste. Engineering control strategies include using partitions or curtains between patients in shared rooms.

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