What Are Some Facts About Methadone?


Quick Answer

Methadone medication reduces severe pain and prevents withdrawal symptoms in addicts of opiate drugs such as fentanyl, oxycodone, hydrocodone and morphine. It is a narcotic approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Methadone changes how the nervous system and the brain respond to pain. A person taking methadone is at risk of developing breathing problems when their dosage increases, according to Everyday Health.

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Full Answer

Doctors recommend reducing the amount of methadone gradually instead of stopping at once. Methadone withdrawal symptoms include restlessness, running nose, muscle pain, irritability and anxiety. Other withdrawal symptoms are joint pains, chills, loss of appetite, vomiting and stomach cramps. People with a history of excessive alcohol consumption or mental ailment should consult a doctor before taking methadone. Approximately one-third of fatal drug overdoses in America involve methadone, says Everyday Health.

Patients should seek immediate medical attention when they experience side effects such as constipation, reduced sexual desire, difficulty sleeping, changes in mood and difficulty urinating. Other side effects are lack of appetite, missing menstrual periods, sore tongue, dry mouth and abdominal pain. Grape juice affects how methadone works in the body. Fainting, hallucinations, seizures, throat inflammation and severe drowsiness are examples of severe side effects of methadone, according to Everyday Health.

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