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What mental condition is Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde associated with?

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The story "Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" can be said to represent a case of dissociative identity disorder, which is sometimes colloquially referred to as "split personality." Contrary to what some people may think, this story is not a metaphor for bipolar disorder, which typically includes fewer mood swings than the disorder's name indicates.

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What mental condition is Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde associated with?
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In the story, the two characters, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, have dramatically different personalities and moral compasses, with the doctor tending toward mild-mannered behavior and Mr. Hyde presenting some truly evil proclivities. These dramatically different personalities are shown eventually to exist within one body. This is a potential symptom of dissociative identity disorder.

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