If a woman's ovaries are removed along with the uterus during a hysterectomy, she experiences the immediate signs and symptoms of menopause, according to Mayo Clinic. If one or both of the ovaries remain, the ovaries continue to produce estrogen and progesterone and release eggs, though monthly periods cease.
Menopausal symptoms include hot flashes, vaginal dryness and pain during intercourse, sleep disturbances, urinary changes, and depression or mood swings, notes Healthline. Skin and hair changes are common, as are decreased libido and vaginal atrophy.
Menopause that occurs abruptly after a hysterectomy is called surgical menopause, explains WebMD. Other medical interventions, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, can also cause an abrupt onset of menopause. Menopausal symptoms are often more severe after surgical or medical menopause as compared to the more gradual symptoms experienced during natural menopause.