Q:

Are men at greater risk of having heart attacks compared to women?

A:

Quick Answer

Women are at greater risk than men of having heart attacks, states the Texas Heart Institute (THI). Generally, heart attacks are more severe in women and in the first year after a heart attack women are 50 percent more likely to die than men, adds the THI.

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Are men at greater risk of having heart attacks compared to women?
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Full Answer

Approximately 735,000 Americans have a heart attack every year, states the THI. Signs and symptoms of heart attack include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, cold sweats, upper body pain or discomfort in the arms, back, neck, jaw or upper stomach, notes the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Coronary heart disease (CHD) involves the build-up of plaque in the heart’s arteries that begins in childhood and may lead to a heart attack, states the American Heart Association. Diagnosis of CHD involves a physical examination and assessment of risk factors, medical and family histories and results from tests and procedures, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI).

Treatment of CHD is typically the same for both men and women and may include medication, medical and surgical procedures, cardiac rehabilitation and lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, following a healthy diet, being physically active, maintaining a healthy weight and reducing stress and depression, notes the NHLBI.

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