Medications used to stabilize blood sugar levels include biguanide, sulfonylurea and meglitinide, notes Everyday Health. Other common medications include thiazolidinediones, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors and DPP-4 inhibitors. Insulin is also very commonly used.
Biguanide may help the body use insulin more effectively and reduce the amount of blood sugar the body makes, states Everyday Health. Sulfonylurea and meglitinide are used to increase the amount of insulin made by the pancreas, and hypoglycemia is a possible side effect with both medications. Thiazolidinediones are used to help insulin work more effectively, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors work to prevent a spike in blood sugar after meals. DPP-4 inhibitors help to stabilize blood sugar levels, and insulin works to help the body use blood sugar more effectively.