Whether medicinal treatments exist for a sore tongue depends on the cause of the symptom, according to Healthline. Mouth rinses containing the steroid dexamethasone or the antibiotic tetracycline reduce pain and inflammation caused by canker sores on the tongue, according to Mayo Clinic. Anbesol and Lidex also reduce pain.
Inflamed taste buds may cause tongue pain after injury from a bite or irritation from hot foods. Patients with sore tongues due to mouth injuries may try over-the-counter oral pain treatments, according to Healthline.
Tongue-pain sufferers should see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment if tongue soreness is severe, unexplained or persists for several days with no signs of improvement, states Healthline.