Medications prescribed for flank pain, which is pain in the side of the body between the abdomen and the back, include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics, according to MedlinePlus. Pain medicines may be given to alleviate pain caused by a kidney infection.
Flank pain usually indicates a kidney problem, but it may also be a sign of various other conditions as there are different organs in the side area of the body, notes MedlinePlus. Flank pain accompanied by frequent urination, fever, chills and blood when urinating is possibly a symptom of kidney stones. Other likely causes of flank pain include arthritis, spinal infection, back problem, liver disease, gallbladder disease and gastrointestinal disease.
Rest and physical therapy may help relieve minor flank pain, says Healthline. Doctors also typically suggest exercises to alleviate muscle spasms that lead to pain in the side. Treatment for pain resulting from arthritis, pinched nerves, infections or other types of inflammation involves physical therapy and exercise.
Anti-inflammatory medications are used to reduce pain and inflammation, whereas antibiotics are prescribed to treat an infection, explains Healthline. In some cases, hospitalization is required for severe infections in the spine, kidney infections and kidney stones. Doctors may also perform a surgical evaluation to examine a condition. Physicians may prescribe pain relief medications or over-the-counter drugs based on the patient’s severity of pain.