Q:

What medications are used to treat gout?

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Quick Answer

Treatment for gout involves medications that treat the pain, warmth and redness that occur due to swollen joints. Commonly used medications are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); colchicene, which works in a method similar to NSAIDs; and corticosteroids, which may be taken orally, injected or given intravenously, according to WebMD.

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Full Answer

Gout is a kind of arthritis in which uric acid crystals lodge in the joints and cause pain. The most common sign of gout is a nighttime attack of swelling, tenderness, redness and sharp pain in the patient's big toe, though foot, ankle and knee joints can be affected. Gout is most common in men. If not treated, the crystals cause permanent damage to joints, tendons and other tissues, according to WebMD. The two goals in treating gout are to alleviate pain from present attacks and to prevent future attacks. Once a patient's acute attack is managed, his doctor can prescribe a longer-term, low-dose medication to prevent recurrent attacks, according to Mayo Clinic.

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