Some of the most common medications used to treat epilepsy include Depakene, Depakote, Mysoline, Dilantin and Phenobarbital, according to WebMD. Some patients may also take tranquilizers, such as valium, Tranxene and Klonopin to treat the seizure disorder.
Newer drugs used to treat epilepsy include Felbatol, Gabitril, Aptiom, Fycompa and Keppra, explains WebMD. Additionally, patients with epilepsy may be prescriped Topamax, Lamictal, Neurontin, Vimpat or Zonegran. Oxeller XR and Trileptal are also anti-seizure medications used to treat epilepsy.
Patients and physicians determine the best course of medical treatment and appropriate drugs for epilepsy based on overall health, medical history, tolerance of side effects and the delivery method of the medication, according to WebMD. Epilepsy medications are aimed at controlling seizures that commonly occur with the disorder.
Medications that treat epilepsy do possess side effects, explains WebMD. Common side effects include stomach upset, unsteadiness, fatigue, sleepiness or blurry vision. Rare side effects may include low blood cell counts, liver problems and skin rashes. Side effects that are unique and extremely uncommon include hair loss, weight gain and swelling of the gums. Patients with epilepsy should consult with a physician to determine the right dosage and time of the day the medication should be taken. In some cases, physicians alter medication if side effects are causing discomfort for the patient.