Blood platelet aggregation is commonly treated with anticoagulant medicines or blood thinners, such as heparin, aspirin and warfarin, according to MedlinePlus. These blood-thinning treatments work by preventing platelets from clumping together (aspirin) or by prolonging the time it that it takes for the platelets to form a clump (heparin, warfarin).
Blood platelets are tiny particles in the blood that causes it to form clots after a wound, notes MedlinePlus. Clots that form on the outer surfaces of the body prevent blood loss after a wound. However, platelets that form clots inside blood vessels, arteries or veins block normal blood flow and can cause a stroke or heart attack.
Physicians prescribe anticoagulant medicines to reduce a person’s risk of complications from blood clots, informs the National Health Service. Blood-thinning medications are also prescribed for individuals who have compromised heart functions, including those with atrial fibrillation or congenital heart defects and those who have undergone heart valve surgery.
Individuals who are prescribed an anticoagulant must follow the dosage instructions of their physicians carefully, advises MedlinePlus. Blood-thinning medications increase the risk of bleeding and can make routine bleeding events, such as nosebleeds, bruises and menstruation periods in women, difficult to control. Individuals are further advised to inform other physicians, including dentists, of the use of anticoagulant medicines to determine the appropriate options for care.