Patients who have seizures can be prescribed a wide variety of medications including (listed with generic names) carbamazepine, carbamazepine-XR, clobazam, clonazepam. diazepam, divalproex sodium, divalproex sodium-ER, eslicarbazepine acetate, ethosuximide, ezogabine, felbamate, gabapentin, lacosamide, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, levetiracetam-XR, lorazepam, oxcarbazepine, perampanel, phenobarbital, phenytoin, pregabalin, primidone, rufinamide, tiagbine hydrochloride, topiramate, topiramate XR, valproic acid, vigabatrin and zonisamide, according to the Epilepsy Foundation. Patients will be prescribed medications based on their individual needs.
There are many different kinds of seizures that a person can have including generalized tonic-clonic seizures, absence seizures, myoclonic seizures, clonic seizures, tonic seizures and atonic seizures, reports WebMD. With generalized tonic-clonic seizures, a person may convulse and become unconscious with rigid muscles. With an absence seizure, the person only has a small moment of consciousness lost. The myoclonic seizure results in quick and random jerking movements and the clonic seizure results in ongoing jerking moments that are insistent. The tonic seizure is when the muscles completely stiffen and the atonic seizure is when there is a total loss of muscle tone.
Seizures occur for many different reasons including genetic factors, congenital factors, metabolic problems in the body, infection, fever, neurological problems, Alzheimer's disease, birth trauma, alcohol, drugs, brain trauma, a stroke, cortical dysplasia, drug withdrawal, medications, cortical dysplasia, mesial temporal sclerosis and progressive brain diseases, reports John Hopkins Medical University.