The most common medications doctors prescribe for alopecia hair loss are corticosteroids, minoxidil, anthralin and diphencyprone, or DPCP, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. While these treatments are not cures, they sometimes lead to hair regrowth.
Corticosteroids are often given as injections directly into regions with hair loss, states the AAD. Topical corticosteroid cream, lotion or ointment is often prescribed for children. Oral forms are rarely recommended because of serious side effects. Both children and adults use minoxidil, which is spread over the scalp, brows or beard twice daily.
Topical applications of anthralin impact the skin’s immune function, the AAD explains. The medication is removed after no more than an hour because it causes skin irritation. DPCP is a topical treatment that causes allergic responses such as redness, swelling and itching. White blood cells go to the site to handle reactions and, while there, keep hair follicles working.