Medications that can be used to treat eczema include topical corticosteroids, barrier repair moisturizers and topical immunomodulators, according to WebMD. Other medications that can treat the condition are immunosuppressants, antibiotics, systemic corticosteroids and antihistamines.
The eczema treatment depends on factors such as age, severity of symptoms and medical history, states WebMD. To develop a suitable eczema treatment plan, an individual should consult a doctor. If used as prescribed, eczema medications relieve symptoms and heal the affected skin.
Topical corticosteroids, which include creams and ointments with hydrocortisone steroids, alleviate inflammation and skin itching, explains WedMD. Over-the-counter hydrocortisone is suitable for treating less serious eczema. For severe conditions such as a scaly skin, more potent topical steroids are recommended. Individuals should use topical corticosteroids as directed by a doctor to avoid side effects such as thinning skin and stretch marks.
Barrier repair moisturizers treat eczema by locking water into the skin, repairing damaged skin, and minimizing skin dryness, itching and redness, notes WebMD. Some moisturizers contain fragrances that cause skin irritation.
Topical immunomodulators such as pimecrolimus and tacrolimus reduce inflammation when applied to the skin, according to WebMD. This eczema treatment is only used in select cases and may increase the chances of contracting cancer.