Medications used for the treatment of adult ADHD are the same that are used in treating children with the condition, including stimulants such as Ritalin, Adderall, Focalin and Concerta, notes WebMD. Other medications include Quillivant and Vynase. The non-stimulant drug Strattera is also available to treat the condition.
Some additional medicines often prescribed for adult ADHD include Clonidine and Guanfacine. In addition, Bupropion, which is an antidepressant, may also be prescribed, according to WebMD.Side effects from adult ADHD medication include changes in pulse and blood pressure, insomnia and agitation. Straterra may also cause nausea.
Stimulant or psychostimulant drugs for adult ADHD work by boosting and balancing neurotransmitters in the brain, according to Mayo Clinic. The medications treat symptoms of hyperactivity and inattention, and are available in both short- and long-acting formulas.
When an adult with ADHD has health problems that negate the use of stimulant medications or experiences negative side effects using stimulant drugs, nonstimulant medications and antidepressives are usually prescribed. These drugs work slowly and may take several weeks to take effect.
In addition to medication for ADHD, psychological counseling can benefit adults with ADHD, notes Mayo Clinic. Cognitive behavior therapy, for example, can help to manage behaviors and alter negative patterns of thinking.