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What is the best medication for vertigo?

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Quick Answer

Vestibular suppressants and anti-emetic drugs, such as Antivert and Ativan, are commonly used drugs for treating vertigo, according to the American Hearing Research Foundation. There are several medical treatments for vertigo.

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Full Answer

Some of the most commonly prescribed vertigo medications include Antivert, Benadryl, Transderm Scop, Phenergan and Valium, according to eMedicineHealth.

Vestibular suppressants are drugs that reduce motion sickness, states the American Hearing Research Foundation. They fall under three main categories: anti-cholinergics, antihistamines and benzodiazepines. Anti-cholinergics increase motion tolerance. Examples of anti-cholinergics that have proven successful in the treatment of vertigo in small clinical trials are glycopyrrolate and zamifenacin. Antihistamines prevent motion sickness and reduce the severity of its symptoms. Drugs such as Antivert, Bonine and Dramamine fall under this category.

Benzodiazepines are gamma-aminobutyric acid regulators. While the American Family Physician recommends benzodiazepines for the treatment of vertigo, it also warns that these drugs can be addictive and may cause impaired memory.

Anti-emetic drugs, on the other hand, are commonly used to control nausea, which is often a symptom of vertigo. Antihistamines and anti-cholinergics are recommended for the treatment of nausea associated with vertigo, states The American Gastroenterological Association.

Since there are different causes of vertigo, doctors base treatment on the cause and symptoms. For example, one of the causes of vertigo is the inflammation of the inner ear, commonly caused by a viral or bacterial infection, according to Mayo Clinic. A doctor may recommend Antivert, Dramamine, Valium or vertigo exercises in such a case. In severe cases, such as Meniere’s disease, which also causes vertigo, surgery or occasional injections may be recommended.

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