What Is the Medical Term That Means Rupture of a Vein?

The medical term used for a ruptured vein is phleborrhexis. A rupture of a small vein can occur anywhere in the body, and the condition can lead to bleeding under the skin, which manifests as red pinpoints called petechiae, states Healthline. However, there can also be bleeding veins in the abdominal area, which can cause serious symptoms.

When varices are found in a stomach rupture, it can lead to symptoms such as hypotension, fast heartbeat and shock, states WebMD. These serious symptoms require prompt medical attention because there can be a large quantity of blood loss due to the rupture. Varices are enlarged veins that are associated with portal hypertension. This condition occurs when there is an elevation in the pressure of portal veins found in organs of the digestive system.