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What is the medical definition of sarcoma cancer?

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Sarcoma cancer is a rare type of malignant tumor that occurs in the connective tissues, a group of tissues that connect and support other tissues and body organs. The tumors commonly affect the blood vessels, tendons, fat, nerves, bones, cartilage and muscles. They can also occur anywhere in the body, as stated by WebMD.

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There are more than 50 types of sarcoma but they can be classified into two groups, namely bone sarcoma and soft tissue sarcoma. The common sarcoma is the soft tissue sarcoma and it affects about one out of every 100 cancer patients, according to WebMD.

The risk factors that increase the chances of getting sarcoma include family members suffering from sarcoma, Paget's disease, radiation exposure and genetic disorders such as Gardner syndrome, retinoblastoma and neurofibromatosis. It is usually sensible to check with a doctor if such risk factors do exist. The best way to treat sarcoma is a surgical operation to remove the tumors.

Soft tissue sarcomas are usually difficult to detect since they can occur in any part of the body. The most common initial sign is usually a painless lump. When the lump size increases, it might compress the muscles and nerves, making a patient feel uncomfortable. As of March 2015, there are no medical tests that can help in detecting the tumors before they trigger the occurrence of symptoms.

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